Midnight Science (2014-2015), Volume 13, Paper 2
Author: Derek Cunningham
Paper Submitted: 22nd Jan 2014, Published: 23rd Jan 2014
Until very recently the geometrical patterns located at the entrance of the Lascaux cave system have defied any meaningful translation. In this, the second of five research papers studying the Lascaux geometrical patterns, it is found that the geometric patterns align to a very specific series of astronomical values. These values are used by astronomers to predict eclipse events, and measure time. Despite a substantial difference in age, these angular values are found on many Stone Age and Bronze Age artifacts and they also appear in the earliest accepted writing styles, such as proto-cuneiform, and archaic Chinese scripts. Intriguingly the same astronomical values can also be found within the layout of large archaic structures, such as Stonehenge and the Great Pyramids of Giza – see 400,000 Years of Stone Age Science by Derek Cunningham for further details.
Specialist in ancient writing have long noted the geometrical aspect of the earliest scripts. However, as Azhideh Moqaddam has noted decipherment of the earliest Iranian scripts, Proto-Elamite and Linear Elamite has remained difficult, with linguists remaining unsure about how exactly the language was structured.
Thus the recent discovery that the geometrical patterns seen in many ancient texts repetitively align to astronomical values (see papers published from Volume 8 to 13) has entirely changed our perceptions of the past. Even though the text has not been fully “translated” specifically the alphabetical component of the linear alignments, the astronomical component has still made it possible to identify that a lunar goddess was worshipped throughout Europe during the Stone Age (2,3), and to determine that there must have existed a reasonable knowledge of mathematics, as well as astronomy in the late Stone Age.
Despite the analysis of now well over 50 archaeological artifacts, including the layout of the Great Pyramids, and Stonehenge, and extending the study to explaining the Mayan Reset, and it being found that all results are entirely consistent with the proposed astronomical theory, much work remains to be done. In the most recent studies, (studies taken since first publication of 400,000 Years of Stone Age Science), it was noted that numerous Bronze Age statues produced in Cyprus all contained a common method of alignment that allowed the linear patterns present on the statues to align to the standard list of astronomical values through using a common alignment tool. This data appears to imply that the alignment angle is important and perhaps the astronomical values, when converted to angular lines, could be used to create a basic but functional alphabet.
The presence of astronomical values in archaic linear artwork is widespread, and has been discovered in all regions of the world. Examples include the Kharga Oasis Panel in Egypt, Petroglyphs discovered in Hawaii, and in very large drawings and structures, the linear patterns can be clearly seen in both the Atacama Giant, and The Great Pyramids of Giza – see 400,000 Years of Stone Age Science.
In each case angular alignments are drawn as angular offsets to either above or below the horizontal, or alternatively to the right or left of vertical. These offsets are believed to create an alphabet with the angular value of each astronomical feature representing a consonant and the direction of the offset a vowel. This produces a writing system that, is similar to modern day Japanese Hiragana. In this way a line offset to the half sidereal month value of 13.66 degrees to the north of due east might be given the sound Ku, and at an angle 13.66 degrees south of due east the sound Ka. The problem of there being 5 vowels and only 4 directions can be solved by either the vowel “o” being represented by the presence of circular drawings that sometimes accompany the linear patterns, or two of the vowels being considered as perhaps phonetically similar. For example the vowels “o” and “u” both form similar mouth shapes when spoken.
In the first study of the Lascaux geometrical patterns see here the study was limited to the geometrical square grid located at the entrance of the cave. The analysis is reproduced here, and shows a direct link to the sidereal month and the lunar nodal cycle of 18.6 years.
Within the geometrical/astronomical theory of writing the key value is the 27.32 day sidereal month, which is also drawn as its half value as an angle of 13.66 degrees. For astronomers once this lunar value is known it is then a very simple process to calculate the 365.25 day lunar year, and that the earth travels about 1 degree per day as it travels around the sun.
After this astronomers would then gradually note that there is an eclipse season every 6.511 draconic months (6 synodic months), and that for accurate measurement and prediction of eclipses it is required to know that the moon’s orbit is inclined to the ecliptic by 5.1 degrees.
Finally, because the primary point of interest for astronomers was the moon, the astronomers would also note the 9.3/18.6 year lunar nodal cycle, and that the lunar year is 11 days shorter than the solar year.
Together these very specific astronomical values produce a reasonably limited range of values to test the structure of ancient linear artwork against, and because there are large angular differences, especially at the higher angular values, the theory can be easily tested, by direct in situ studies, where the angles of the lines viewed should logically correspond directly to the values listed above. This was the result for the prior geometrical pattern drawn at the entrance of the Lascuax cave (click here).
For this study the experiment is now replicated for the second set of geometrical patterns found deeper within the Lascaux cave. These are occasionally referred to as the Checkerboard Patterns. As with the prior study the photographs are studied as is, with the angular values measured as offsets to either the vertical or horizontal. As the pictures were taken by an independent team, this study has no control over how the images were presented in the official Lascaux website.
Similar to the approach used for the square grid pattern located near the entrance of the cave the checkerboard is analyzed as is.
Compared to the square grid pattern, which shows values aligned to the full 27.32 day sidereal month and the full 18.6 year lunar nodal cycle, the checkerboard patterns seen above show alignments to 13.66 and 9.3 degrees, which are the half values for these two astronomical values. It should be noted that similar half values are seen at numerous other sites, including the directions drawn by the causeways in front of the Great Pyramids.
Also present in the two Lascaux Checkerboard Patterns are the 11 degree alignment to mark the 11 day difference between the lunar and solar years, the 5.1 degree alignment to represent the angle of inclination of the moon’s orbit, and a line at 1 degree which represents the daily motion of earth as it travels around the sun. Finally there is a line drawn at 6.511 degree alignment to represent the 6 synodic month (6.511 draconic month) period between eclipses.
Discussion and Conclusion
The presence of now four discrete geometrical patterns at Lascaux that all align to the same values could be argued by some to be entirely coincidental. However, when this data is taken inside the context that prior studies have already shown that the exact same angular values are present in far more archaic artwork, such as the the circa 30,000 year old Ishango bone, the circa 25,000 year old Dolni Vestonice Venus and the circa 70,000 year old Blombos Cave Ochres, as well as in much younger samples such as the Orkney Venus, the evidence points persuasively to the Lascaux linear patterns being also an archaic writing style.
In the next paper the Lascaux square and 13 dot pattern is analyzed.
- 400,000 Years of Stone Age Science By Derek Cunningham,
- Initial Evidence of a Direct Cultural Link between Vestonice in the Czech Republic and Lemba in Cyprus: Presence of Identical Early Astronomical Writing and Lunar Symbolism on the Lemba and the Dolni Vestonice Venus Figures Suggesting the Continuous Worship of a Lunar Moon God Figure for a Period of Circa 20,000 Years
- D. Cunningham, Astronomical Interpretation of Five Late Bronze Age Cyprus Figures: Confirmation of the Existence of Written Language in Archaic Linear Art Used in a Religious Setting, Midnight Science, Volume 12 (2013-2014) Paper 9.
- D. Cunningham, Reinterpretation of the Lebombo and Ishango Tally Marks: Evidence of Advanced Astronomical studies in Paleolithic-era Bones and the Existence of an Alphabet-based Writing System in the Early Upper Paleolithic Time Period, Midnight Science, Volume 12, (2013-2014) Paper 4.
- D. Cunningham, A Reanalysis of the Purpose of the Engraved Bones from Remouchamps, Midnight Science, Volume 12, (2013-2014) Paper 1.
- D. Cunningham, Analysis of the Astronomical Data Contained within the Engraved Stone uncovered at the Shuidonggou Paleolithic Site, Northwest China, Midnight Science, Volume 9, (2013-2014) Paper 6.
- D. Cunningham, Analysis of the Linear Rock Art “Spiders” Discovered at Kharga Oasis: The Presence of Astronomical Writing in Early Egyptian Rock Art. Midnight Science, Volume 12, (2013-2014) Paper 8.
- See papers published in Volumes 8 through 12 Midnight Science.
© 2010 – 2014 Derek Cunningham; Midnight Science, ISSN 2160-0201; Volume 13, Paper 2.
Midnight Science Journal is the website domain name for the Journal Midnight Science.