Elements in Motion: Translating the Meaning of YHWH (YHVH), Jehovah, GOD

Midnight Science (2011-2012), Volume 2, Paper 4

Paper Submitted: 18th April 2011, Published (Preview Mode): 21st April 2011

Updated: 18th Aug 2011

Author: Derek Cunningham


In this study the Japanese language is used in an attempt to translate various words in the Hebrew Bible. This attempt was prompted by previous studies that revealed the constellations surrounding the asterism “The Summer Triangle” maps the stars to the shape of the continents of  Earth, and that the angle of orientation required to create this star map overlay is encoded in the Great Pyramids of Giza (1). Additional studies since then have identified a possible link to the area of Irkutsk in Russia, where the modified “North Pole” region would ancient have been drawn. At this location a large geoglyph field was discovered (see The Long Journey). As linguistic studies suggest that the Japanese language (which is Tungustic) is related to languages spoken in Turkey (6,7), it was decided here to undertake a study to determine if there is any possibility of an ancient 11,000 year old link between Japanese and Hebrew. The data presented here appears to supports previous linguistic work that suggest many world languages have an upper paleolithic-era origin; and suggests that anciently the area of Irkutsk was probably an important religious center, with links to both the Mediterranean and East Asia.


Some evidence exists that ancient societies around the world perhaps understood human psychology to a much higher degree than we normally give them credit for. The widespread division of societies into four distinct groups probably first occurred in the Stone Age at the time population started to increase and small civilizations first began with groups larger than a few hundred people. Within these societies there would exist (1) the restless warriors, (2) religious leaders (who through their study of the night sky would perhaps have doubled as early scientists), (3) mercantile merchants, and (4) builders. If one sees an overlap with modern civilization that is not surprising. The division matches the different social groups present within all societies. The Warrior is impulsive and driven by a constant need to take risks, the religious or scientific leaders are those who are more thoughtful and will concentrate for long periods on one problem, the Merchants are a mix of the above, and the builders are the equivalent of today’s workers. In many ways each group develops naturally, and the presence of each group is ultimately important for a society to survive. For this reason many cultures, throughout the centuries, all appear similar.

Of the four groups described, perhaps the one with the longest lasting influence is the religious group; in fact unless a civilization is totally destroyed, a religious culture will always last longer than military-based empires. This means that over thousands of years a religion can be used to trace the paths of related civilizations, whereas pottery can only  trace a civilization for perhaps a few hundred years.

This long-term “traceability” of religious beliefs is important, because the aim of this study is to try to use a proposed circa 14,000 year old stellar map to connect two modern civilizations; the Japanese and the People of Israel (see work by Joseph Eidelberg (6) for previous work in this field). However, this work is based on the premise that until circa 14,000 years ago much of the world spoke a common archaic language. This current study is thus not specific to just these two countries.

The background rests on the discovery of an ancient stellar map (1,2), that appears to highlight specific areas where the earliest civilizations first arose. The map prior to this study has produced a new explanation for the layout of the Great Pyramids (3); discovered a new geoglyph field in Russia (1); suggests a link between ancient Greek and Chinese astronomy (4). This suggests that, if the hypothesis (of an ancient 11,000 to 14,000 years old star map mapping the location of ancient civilizations)  is correct, other areas marked by the Earth-star map must also be equally important.

One location highlighted by the map is the Tunguska region, which is marked by the presence of globular cluster M92 (an ancient north pole “star” position circa 11,500 years ago). This region is dominated by a large geoglyph field that is both repeatedly “pointed to” by other various geoglyph fields around the world (1), and also points to other possible geoglyph fields, such as an unusual set of lines drawn over Nullarbor Plain in Australia.

The Tunguska area is considered, from a linguistic studies, to be a possible location for the original home of the Japanese people, see work of Philip Johan von Strahlenberg, and Juha Janhunen, and many others. So, given the previous studies by Joseph Eidelberg (6) that suggest an ancient link between the Japanese language and ancient Hebrew, and the connection between the Great Pyramids and the alignment of the star map, it appeared natural to see if any ancient Hebrew words in the Bible might be open to translation using the Japanese language.

The basic premise of this work is that because the Japanese language is Asiatic and comprises of very short single consonant words, it is perhaps possible that the short Japanese words can be used to construct the longer words seen in the Judaic Bible. Ancient Hebrew is also based upon a pictorial writing system, though the meaning of the individual letters constructing the larger words are now not known.

The result of this test is a potentially consistent translation for the various words used for God in the Hebrew Bible, and suggests that the difference between the five versions of the word God (YHWH, Adonai, Ehyeh, Eru and Erah) occurs in the mobility of the elements, Earth, Fire, Water and Air. Attempts to translate other words taken at random from the Hebrew Bible also produce reasonable translations. However, as the number of words employed in this test are extremely limited, further work is required to confirm the proposed connection.


Within religious texts it is clear that, even where a common story occurs, the names of the key participants sometimes change; or in some cases multiple names are used to represent the same person.

In Hebrew texts there is several words used to represent God, and much debate has occurred amongst those who study the Bible as to their use and their meaning.

In the Bible YHWH is the second creation name of God. The first name is Elohim. Its precise pronunciation is not known as there is no vowels in ancient Hebrew -see Joel M. Hoffman A Short History of the Hebrew Language. Thus any attempt to translate this word using Japanese must consider all 5 vowels whenever possible.

The first “problem” faced in translating the word YHWH is that in Japanese there is no word that starts with the letter Y, but this restriction refers only to modern Japanese and not to Old Japanese. The pronunciation of the letter Y resembles the Old Japanese pronunciation Phi, or Phyee, which over time became the initial consonant in the word Hi, pronounced Hee (for fire/sunlight) in modern Japanese text. The next issue is that the letter W or V also does not normally appear in modern Japanese. But in Japanese the pronunciation of Wo and Ho are phonetically similar, and today the word Ha is still often spoken as Wa. But with the letter W in JHWH also written as V, the balance is more towards the “V/Ph” pronunciation if the Japanese connection is considered valid, a possible translations for YHVH into Japanese is then.

Hi (Phee) = 火/日/灯 = Fire/Sun/Light

Ho = 圃 = Farm/Land

Hu/Vu = 風 = Wind (alternative Yu 湯 for boiling water)

Ha = 波 = Wave/Water

The feature noticeable in the above list is that all four words describe the four elements Fire, Earth, Water and Air, but there is a feature of “movement” contained in each translation. Water is described in the form of a wave (water in motion); land is described by farmland (Earth being “transformed” into trees); Air is described by wind (Air in motion); and fire as sunlight (light in motion).  Assuming for now that the above translations are valid, when the above readings are combined, the word obtained is PheeHoVuHa.

As stated above, In the Hebrew Bible, God is given several names. The next four major names given are Adonai, Ehyeh, Eru and Erah.

A hypothesis based on the initial translation given above is that if Jehovah (YHWH (YHVH)) is the presence of the four elements in motion, the alternative God names Adonai, Ehyeh, Eru and Erah might be the presence of the four elements in static form.

Translations using Japanese seem to support this hypothesis. The first alternative name of Jehovah (YHWH or YHVH) is given as Adonai. In Japanese this can translate to 惠土 根 Bestowing Earth + Cause. The first component in Adonai is 惠 “e” (which is pronounced Ay in Japanese) and contains the joined meaning of Bestow, Kindness and Mercy. The second component of the word Adonai “do” corresponds to the character 土 for Earth (a static Element). The last component “ne” (pronounced Nay) corresponds to the character 根  which contains the meaning cause, or source.

The second alternative name for Jehovah (YHWH (YHVH)) in Judaism is Ehyeh. This translates to 惠湯 根  = Bestowing Water + Cause. The first component Eh “e” (pronounced Ay as in “Hay” in Japanese) is again written as 惠 and thus has the meaning of Bestow, Kindness and Mercy. The second component  of the word Yeh “yu” corresponds to the character  for boiling water/steam (a static, or moving Element). The translation of Yu to boiling water/steam suggests a link to the Shinto ritual dance, the Ise Kagura, that has Shugendo origins that date back into the oldest history of the Shinto religion. It is noteworthy that in ancient Shinto dances, the actual possession of the “Kami”, which means God, was required. The impression from this analysis is that fog (steam in its natural form) was a visual appearance of one of the major “Kamis/Gods”.

The third alternative for Jehovah (YHWH (YHVH)) is Eru. Here Eru translates to “Bestowing Air”. Once more “e” (pronounced Ay in Japanese) is  written as 惠 and contains the joined meaning of Bestow, Kindness and Mercy, but in the word Eru there is no indication in Hebrew of the length of time one pronounces the word “e”. If it is short the meaning is fixed at 惠, but if the pronunciation if “e” is long then the word can be written as E(e)ru. This is important as this adds an additional character in Japanese to the word. The word E(e)ru is then written as  惠空 + “ru”, with 空 the Japanese character for the element “Air”, creating the phrase “the God that Bestows Air”. The air element in this description is a static Element. The translation of third component in the word Eeru “Ru” is uncertain.

In the fourth version of YHWH (YHVH) an Aramaic word “Erah” is used for GOD in the Judaic text. This is the only time that an Aramaic word is used. The Aramaic word, produced no reasonable translation.

Another alternative form for God in Judaic text is Shalom, which is often used in greetings. Using Japanese, Shalom translates to “Think/dreams of Ancient Truth/Purity”, from the characters Shya (真  Pure/truth/genuine), and rou (老 = Ancient), and Mu which has multiple meanings including “to dream”.

To test further the theory that words in the Judaic Bible can be translated using Japanese, we need to look to other words to see if plausible and consistent translations occur. In the Bible, one word draws attention as it relates to the Tribe of Dan, which some believe ultimately moved to Scotland/Ireland. This is considered important as Scotland in the world map is the start point for the Milky Way in the Global star map overlay that creates a simply but reasonable map of Earth (1). Scotland happens to be marked by the brightest star of the constellation Cygnus, with the head star of the same constellation marking the region of Mecca. At the exact same scale drawn by the constellation Cygnus the stars of the constellation Hercules mark the the main religious centres in the Himalayas. In the Intriguingly, in the Himalayas, ancient artwork shows Shiva the Cosmic Dancer in the same dance pose as the image created by Hercules (1).

In the Bible, the boats used by the Tribe of Dan were described by Moses by the word Tarshish. The word Tarshish has been extensively studied but has so far defied any meaningful translation. The closest to a translation is the suggestion that the word can mean both a place, or a type of ship.

Tarshish, in Japanese, translates to 舵 櫓 紫 主 TaRoShiShyu, The Master’s/Lord’s, Purple, Oar, Rudder boat. In this translation there is the word Purple 紫 (the colour associated with Royalty and the Phoenician fleet), and the words 舵 Rudder (which contains a double character comprising also the word boat), and Oar 櫓 (which suggests the method of propelling the craft is mainly by oars and not sails). This translation from Japanese is an almost perfect description of a large ship of the Phoenician type. If the translation of Master/Lord is assumed to be incorrect and 糸 (pronounced Shi) for thread/silk is used to represent a sail, the translation becomes Rudder, Oar, Purple Sail Boat But the reading would then be TaRoShiShi, a pronunciation that does not sound entirely accurate. The translation TaRoShiShyu (Lord’s boat), phonetically, is more accurate.

Looking to the word Eden in Genesis, a simple translation is obtained using Chinese (which historically is related to Japanese), Yi is the character for “ONE” and Dian is used to represent “HEAVEN”. Eden thus translates to One Heaven, a translation that appears perfectly plausible.

Discussion and Conclusions

The hypothesis of a connection between Hebrew and Japanese came initially from the location of globular cluster M92 in the Tunguska/Irkutsk region of Russia, as described in the Cygnus Earth Map (1-4). This region (Irkutsk) is highlighted by alignment lines created from geoglyph fields in  Nazca in Peru, and various “potential” sites in Scotland. With the discovery of a major Nazca-type geoglyph field in Irkutsk this suggests that this area was once of great importance.

To identify if any link between the Japanese language and Hebrew could existed, several preliminary translations were attempted with each word taken from the Judaic bible. One word for God, “Erah”, is Aramaic in origin and produced no plausible translation using the Japanese language. In contrast, the four Hebrew words for God contained in the Bible produced reasonable translations, with each apparently involving the four basic elements Fire, Earth, Air, and Water. The translation of the primary name for YHVH (usually pronounced Jehovah, or VeeHoFuHa in Japanese) adds a time component to the four elements. Hi (“Phee” in old Japanese) = Light (effectively fire in motion), Ho = Farm/Land (which suggests the transformation of Earth into Trees/Plants), Fu = Wind (the Air in motion) and lastly Ha = Waves (Water in motion). The other three Hebrew names of God are E(e)ru, pronounced Ayru, is apparently related to the creation of Air; Ehyeh with the creation of Water; and Adonai the creation of Earth. It is assumed that Erah (the only Aramaic name used) is associated with Fire.

The last word analyzed was Tarshish (used in reference to the Tribe of Dan boarding a ship of Tarshish). The direct translations of Tarshish to a “Purple rowing boat with steering oar” is considered to be strongest evidence obtained to date in support of a proposed extremely archaic Japanese/Israel link, which may be cultural, but the data is still preliminary and further tests are required. One concern is that the word Tarshish is found in some text which creates a suggestion that Tarshish is a place name and not a boat. The reason for this inconsistency is beyond the subject of this paper.

When one looks at the translations for the secondary words used for GOD, two words E(e)ru, pronounced Ayru, and Adonai (pronounced Aydonai) create apparent links to the Germanic/English language.

The translation of E(e)ru to one that bestows air, may arguably have produced the English word “AIR”.

“Aydo”, the first part of the Judaic name for God used in reference to the creation of Earth, is similar to the German word “ERDE”. Erde become the word “Earth” in English.

It is well known that the Ancient Hebrew writing contains no vowels, and thus contains no phonetic clues. For this reason translations from, and to other European languages are usually unsuccessful. In contrast Japanese and Chinese do not always require vowels for a reasonable guess of a word’s pronunciation to be made. The employment of one single consonant for each word in the Japanese language coupled to the pictorial nature of the Japanese and Chinese languages could make the two Asian languages perfect, if not ideal, for reconstructing the core meaning of the Hebrew words. Further work is clearly required to reanalyze the data, with a detailed comparison of any documented variations in the core words over time.


  1. D. Cunningham, The Long Journey Published on Kindle and Createspace.
  2. D. Cunningham, Scotland and the Cygnus Constellation, Midnight Science Vol. 1 (2011-2012), Paper 1.
  3. D. Cunningham, The Cygnus Star Map, The Giza Pyramids and their Link to Scotland, Midnight Science Vol. 1 (2011-2012), Paper 2.
  4. D. Cunningham, Three Enclosures: A comparison between Chinese star Charts and the Cygnus Earth Map, Midnight Science Vol. 2 (2011-2012), Paper 1.
  5. D. Cunningham, The 14,000 Year Old Road Map, Midnight Science Vol. 2 (2011-2012), Paper 2.
  6. Joseph Eidelberg, The biblical Hebrew origin of the Japanese people, Gefen Publishing (2005).
  7. Philip Johan von Strahlenberg,

© 2011 Derek Cunningham; Midnight Science: ISSN 2160-0201; Volume 3, Paper 4.

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2 Responses to Elements in Motion: Translating the Meaning of YHWH (YHVH), Jehovah, GOD

  1. Brad Z. says:

    Linguistically very interesting, and it also makes quite a bit of theological sense. The etymology is strong in the way you described it, but I am a bit concerned that you have jumped to some conclusions based upon your premise and not been completely honest in your interpretations. Still, incredibly interesting. I don’t believe that anyone has of yet, drawn any close genetic ties to ancient semites and the japanese. That would provide you with conclusive evidence if you can tie the linguistic data to the genetic data.

    • dcunningham says:

      There is two primary arguments for a linguistic link

      The first is the age of the pattern is possibly 300,000 to 400,000 years old…..which predates modern humans.

      The second is that language is transferrable. For example many regions of the world now speak English.

      The argument made here supports an archaic common link between all languages by taking the individual sounds of the letters as independent words in themselves.

      That is why I believe there is no vowels in ancient languages. In Hebrew every single letter creating a “word” would anciently have been a “description” made up of several words.

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